The outburst of digital technologies alongside the complexity of web applications is increasing. It not only puts a strain on the available infrastructure but also poses a huge challenge for the QA engineer who works across diligent web applications for its scalability across all platforms. In this regard, those who burn their midnight oil diligently test web applications across all platforms.

    With such an establishment open-source tools like Selenium are crucial in making the testing process ever reliable. Across all devices, Selenium is a leading web testing framework with its robust features and extensive compatibility across all web browsers. The tool is all about putting Q engineers into manual testing efforts to expedite faster processes and prompt execution. In this article, we discuss the best testing practices for Selenimum for a robust QA process.

    Appropriately Name the Test Cases and Test Suites 

    The collaborative world of instances and fellow team members will go ahead for streamlining the task you have authored. After running the test frequently, you can challenge it for the intended purpose without reviewing the implementation process.

    When the failure of the test appears in the execution phase, you should gauge the quick identification of the functionalities and examine the names. The test cases give a piece of evidence that troubleshooting the process will eliminate the team members from spending excessive time and help in navigation by putting the details.

    Increase the Size of  Browser Window

    The first task you will carry out is to go through a Selenium test for quick automation while capturing a screenshot of the web page. All the Screenshots are taken throughout to aid developers in the ever-complex debugging process and assist stakeholders in monitoring development. Also, it is vital to recognize if the test failure is the consequential evidence of failure or problem in the test script utilized for the automation testing with Selenium.

    As an aberration, Selenium doesn’t open the browser Window in the maximized mode by default. It will impact the quality of the screenshot of the webpage for inclusion in test reports. All you need to do is maximize the browser window and load the test URL to ensure a complete screenshot of the webpage.

    Adjusting Browser Zoom Level to 100% 

    During the Selenium test, such discrepancies may occur in testing the automation process, especially when executing the test across all browsers. You may encounter such issues when the cross-browser is done on things like Internet Explorer.

    Irrespective of the web browser and automation testing with Selenium, zoom the browser level up to 100 percent. It will give you the native experience for the native mouse events and meeting the right coordinates.

    Find Multiple Browsers for Testing

    Take multiple browsers in practice for comprehensive QA testing processes. With the variances in rendering, Java Script support and functionalities that may change the behavior of the website across web applications.

    Browses like testing across multiple browsers like Safari, Firefox, Chrome & Edge that verifies compatibility & consistency of the product across various platforms. All you need to do is detect and fix issues related to the browser for a renewed and optimized user experience.

    Choose the Best-Suited Web Locator

    The Selenium test automation will necessitate modifying the automation test and can alter the automation that changes in implementation related to the locators in the test code. In all such web locators, the Selenium WebDrive includes names like LInk text, X Path, CSS Selector, DOM Locator, etc.

    As we know web development is a typical process so it is imperative to choose a suitable web locator and mitigate disruption in test outputs with changes in the user interface. Normally Link Text is ideal for dynamics scenarios. On the contrasting side, ID, ClASS, and Name are user-friendly for exhibit greater resilience for the alternative web locators.

    Collaborate with Developers for Integration

    For achieving a convincing level of Selenium testing, fostering collaboration and developers for seamless integration. While working with developers all you can do is allow QA teams to understand the basic flaws of the application codebase and get insights into the functionality test.

    With the collaboration of developers, vital inputs can be added to the test coverage to identify potential vulnerability threats and provide optimization test scenarios. It makes the testing align with the development goals for the requirement for more accuracy and adequate test results.

    All the developers will play a pivotal role in identifying and resolving challenges encountered during the testing phase which results in the expedition of the issue for enhancement of the overall quality. Ideally, the seamless collaboration will help in meeting quality assurance professionals for the development crucial for the thorough execution of advanced Selenium testing.

    Simplifying Browser-to-Browser Testing

    Making a big change across all browser and OS combinations is the main goal of cross-browser testing. This can make it very tough to make the work more challenging for more possible combinations when there are many browser versions. You can align a comprehensive list of browsers, operating systems, and device combinations to manage the process effectively. Acritical resource for maintaining the essentiality derived from the geolocation data, product analytics, and getting comprehensive insights for the large audience.

    When choosing combinations for particular attention during cross-browser testing, this compilation is known as a Browser Matrix or Compatibility Matrix.

    An indispensable tool for preserving the significance obtained from product analytics, geolocation data, and obtaining thorough insights for a broad audience. The Browser Matrix is an indispensable tool that offers vital information gleaned from competition analysis, statistical data, audience usage trends, and geolocation data. Automated testing scripts can be implemented in multiple programming languages to test on local browsers, a browser lab, and devices using cloud Selenium Grid like LambdaTest. It is an AI-powered test orchestration and execution platform that runs manual and automated tests at scale. The platform allows you to perform real-time and automation testing across 3000+ environments and real mobile devices.

    Utilize Page Object Model Design

    Development of Selenium test automation scrips will prioritize scalability and maintenance of the scripts is paramount. With the paramount changes to the web page, the UI result is minimal with little modification to the script. With the current change, the web page UI will be minimized and with little modifications to the script. Maintaining the script will lead to scenarios where all sort of the same web element. The sudden change to the web element will ensure updations in the multiple locations within the test scripts.

    The page objects will cover a greatly recognized web UI automation pattern that facilitates the test maintenance for redundancy in the codes. The centralized repository will help in controlling features on the web page. Representation of the distinct class will produce a dedicated page object calls in testing all the web pages.

    The automation of the Selenium automation and key elements on the web page. All this separation is achieved by putting a new layer, class, or object. With that the augmentation of separating automation scripts on the web pages. 

    Implement Logging and Reporting

    In the event of a test failure within a comprehensive test suite, identifying the specific failing test case can be daunting. Implementing logging mechanisms can significantly aid in such scenarios, as strategically placed console logs within the test code can enhance code comprehension and facilitate identifying the issue at hand.

    Some commonly used log levels in popular programming languages include debugging, info, warning, error, and critical. Overloading the test implementation with unnecessary logs can lead to delays in test execution. Therefore, it is advisable to include logs with error (and/or critical) levels in situations that help identify the root cause of failures.

    In addition to logging, reporting holds significant importance in Selenium test automation as it aids in assessing the outcomes (pass/fail) of the tests. Automation test reports are pivotal in monitoring the advancement of test suites (or test cases) and their respective results. These reports facilitate efficient test data maintenance and enhance the comprehensibility of test outputs, thereby reducing the time required for managing test data.

    Efficient analysis of features and evaluation of test coverage can be seamlessly achieved through automated test reports. In Selenium test automation, the absence of logging and reporting undermines the fundamental objective of leveraging the Selenium framework. Consequently, incorporating logging and reporting functionalities represents the best practice in Selenium test automation.

    Utilize Data-Driven Testing Methods

    Quality assurance is the key in the Selenium testing that brings data-driven results. With that, you can gain vital insight for making a well-informed decision and gathering the testing procedures. Various factors are covered in the data-driven testing that incorporates an extensive range of inputs, boundaries, and conditions that give an edge to managing the functionality and ideal performance of the application.

    Opt for A Uniform Directory Structure

    Prioritization matters when it comes to utilizing the Selenium framework for the maintenance of the test codes. All the project structure has SRC AND TEST directories. The SRC folder in the subdirectory will help retrieve help functions, and page objects with feasibility for a key implementation of the actual test.

    The standardized directory structure of the Selenium test automation will be in sync. Adhering to Selenium’s best practices will ensure the establishment of a direct structure for distinguishing the test automation framework. All this approach may facilitate the improved organization of the test code.

    Don’t rely solely on UI Testing

    UI interface testing is the ideal visual component for managing interactivity. of the application and don’t dig deeper into critical issues like code or system architecture. All such integration testing technologies i.e. integration testing, unit testing, and performance testing will allow the comprehensive process in the software product evaluation.

     Avoid Redundant Codes

    The availability of all the web locators such as XPath and IDs, will help them properly utilize the web elements in the web page. All the minimum code duplications will mark the efficiency. So encapsulation is the frequent code usage that will help in operations for a distinguished API during implementation.

    Duplication not only decreases the size of the code but will also enhance test code maintenance. The encapsulation of Selenium calls is an ideal practice to bolster the critical management of the test suite.

    When the duplication occurs that will aid in decreasing the code size for maintaining the test code. All you need to know is to inculcate the practice of Selenium Calls stands out as the key practice that notably bolsters the key management of the test suite.


    The advanced Selenium testing practices will help them ensure quality assurance to process and greatly benefit them for the development team and maintaining the product quality. The team will help them optimize efficiency and productivity for covering the test with coverage and precision.

    The contemporary QA team should remain stable with the usage of modern tools and technologies with the integration of advanced Selenium testing playing a pivotal role in achieving the objective.